) is a Danish island in the Baltic Sea, to the east of the rest of Denmark, south of Sweden, northeast of Germany and north of the westernmost part of Poland.
These islands, which do not belong to a municipality or region, are administered by the Danish Ministry of Defence. This makes the dialect difficult to understand for some Danish speakers.However, Swedish speakers often consider Bornholmian to be easier to understand than standard Danish.The island is situated between 54/59/11 and 55/17/30 northern latitude and 14/45 and 15/11 eastern longitude.Directly west of Bornholm across the Baltic Sea mostly on the island of Sjælland are several municipalities of Region Sjælland: Stevns, Faxe, Næstved (the part that used to be the municipality of Fladså) and Vordingborg, including Møn, which is around 135 kilometres (84 miles) across the Baltic Sea.The island had 22 municipalities until March 1970, of which 6 were market towns and 16 parishes.
In addition to supervising parish municipalities, which was the responsibility of the counties in all of Denmark, the market town municipalities of Bornholm were supervised by Bornholm County as well and not by the Interior Ministry as was the case in the rest of Denmark.
The lowest percentage for the merger was in Nexø municipality, whose mayor, Annelise Molin, a Social Democrat, spoke out against the merger.
It was required that each municipality had more "Yes" votes than "No" votes.
Bornholm was one of the three last Danish municipalities (Danish: ) not belonging to a county — the others were Copenhagen and Frederiksberg.
On 1 January 2007, the municipality lost its short-lived (2003 until 2006) county status and became part of the Capital Region of Denmark.
It typically takes 3 hours for passengers and freight (ferry :2 hours; driving :1 hour) to travel between Rønne and Copenhagen via Ystad in Sweden.